sha'b

Associated verb to collect, unite s. شَعَبَ (يَشْعَبُ) ه – شَعْبًا
Plural شُعُوب

Examples

يَا أَيّهَا النّاسُ إِنّا خَلَقْنَاكُم مِن ذَكَرٍ وَأُنثَى وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا إِنّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِندَ الله أَتْقَاكُمْ إِنّ الله عَلِيمٌ خَبِير O mankind! Lo! We have created you male and female, and have made you nations and tribes that you may know one another. Lo! the noblest of you, in the sight of God, is the best in conduct. Truly God is Knower, Aware. – Quran, 49:13

عَنِ الشّعْبِي قَال : فِي مَجَلّةِ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ صَلّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلّمَ : إِنّهُ كَائِنٌ مِنْ وَلَدِكَ شُعُوبٌ وَشُعُوبٌ حَتّى يَأْتِي النّبِيّ الأَمِيّ الّذِي يَكُونُ خَاتَمَ الأَنْبِيَاء On the authority of al-Sha’bi, he said, “In the scripture of Abraham, God bless him and grant him peace, it was written: ‘There will be from your child nations and nations until the Unlettered Prophet comes, who will be the seal of the Prophets.'” – Ibn Sa’d’s al-Tabaqat al-Kubra

الرّئِيسُ الْمِصْرِيّ يُهَنّئُ شَعْبَهُ بِإقْرِارِ الدّسْتُور The Egyptian President congratulates his people on approving the constitution – BBC News, Arabic

Did you know…

شُعُوب was often used by the Arabs to refer to non-Arabs, the idea being that whilst the Arabs were divided into قَبَائل tribes, the non-Arabs did not have that same rich tradition of memorizing and dividing their societies by lineage, and so were more bound together more loosely into nations.