without = (duna) دُون

Associated verb: to be low, vile دَانَ (يَدُونُ) – دَوْنًا

Examples

أَئِفْكًا آلِهَةً دُونَ الله تُرِيدُونَ Is it a falsehood – gods beside God – that ye desire? – Quran, 37:86

عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيّ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُولُ الله صَلّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلّمَ : بَيْنَا أَنَا نَائِمٌ ، رَأَيْتُ النّاسَ يُعْرَضُونَ عَلَيّ وَعَلَيْهِمْ قُمَصٌ ، مِنْهَا مَا يَبْلُغُ الثّدْيَ ، وَمِنْهَا مَا دُونَ ذلِكَ ، وَعُرِضَ عَلَيّ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطّابِ وَعَلَيْهِ قَمِيْصٌ يَجُرّهُ . قَالُوا : فَما أَوّلْتَ ذلِكَ يَا رَسُولَ الله ؟ قَالَ : الدّيِن On the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri: The Messenger of God, God bless him and grant him peace, said, “While I was asleep, I saw people being shown to me, wearing shirts, some of them reaching their breast, some of them less than that, and I was shown Umar b. al-Khattab, wearing a shirt which he was dragging.” They said, “And how did you interpret that, O Messenger of God?” He said, “It’s religion.” – al-Bukhari

خام برنت دُونَ 100 دولار لِلْمَرّةِ الأُولَى مُنْذُ 8 أَشْهُرٍ Brent crude is less than $100 for the first time in 8 months. – BBC News, Arabic

Did you know…

The preposition دُوْن has a number of meanings, related to the idea of falling short of something. So, زَيْدٌ دُونَ عَمْرٍو can mean Zaid is inferior to Amr, or Zaid is below Amr (referring to his location), or Zaid is in front of Amr, or Zaid is nearer than Amr, or Zaid is near Amr, or Zaid is without Amr.