world = (‘aalam) عَالَم

Plurals: عَالَمُوْنَ ، عَوَالِم
Associated verb: to know s. عَلِمَ (يَعْلَمُ) ه -عِلْمًا


الْحَمْدُ لله رَبّ الْعَالَمِين Praise be to God, Lord of the Worlds,. – Quran, 1:2

عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ بْنِ أَبِيْ جَعْفَرَ قَالَ : قِيْلَ لِعِيْسى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ : يا رُوحَ اللهِ وَكَلِمَتَهُ مَنْ أَشَدّ النّاسِ فِتْنَةً ؟ قالَ : زَلّةُ العالِمِ إِذا زَلّ العالِمُ زَلّ بِزَلّتِهِ عالَمٌ كُثِيْرOn the authority of ‘Ubaydallah b. Ja’far: It was said to Jesus, the son of Mary, God’s blessings be upon him, “O Spirit of God! Who, amongst men, is in the greatest tribulation?” He said, “The slip of the scholar, for when the scholar slips, a great world slips with him.” – Ibn al-Mubarak

الثّوْرَةُ الّتِيْ هَبّتْ عَلى الْعَالَمِ الْعَرَبِيّ فِي الْعَامِ الْمَاضِي اسْتَنْفَرَتِ الأُمّة The revolution that swept the Arab world last year mobilized the nation – al-Jazeera, Arabic

Did you know…

Commenting on the above-mentioned verse of the Quran, Imam al-Shawkani writes in his book Fath al-Qadeer: “الْعَالَمِيْن is the plural of عَالَم , and, according to Qatada, it refers to every existing thing other than God. Hussain b. Fadl said that the people of every given age are an ‘aalam. Ibn Abbas said that the ‘aalamun are the Jinn and mankind. al-Farra’ and Abu ‘Ubayd said that ‘aalam refers to anything that can reason, and these are four species: mankind, the Jinn, the Angels and the Devils; (on this basis), dumb beasts would not be called an ‘aalam, for its plural (i.e. the Sound Masculine Plural), is used only for that which is capable of reason.

“Al-Qurtubi mentions all of these narrations in his commentary of the Quran, and mentions the proof for each, and concludes that the first is the soundest of these opinions, for it encompasses all created things, the proof for the appropriateness of which is God’s saying: “Pharaoh said, ‘And who is the Lord of the ‘aalameen?’ He (Moses) said, ‘The Lord of the heavens and the Earth and all that is between the two.'” (Quran, 26:23-24).”